Josef Albers | Homage to the Square: Arrival | 1963
© The Josef and Anni Albers Foundation / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York, 2021
Josef Albers's Homage to the Square series, begun in 1951, eventually consisted of over one thousand works. The series of square paintings perhaps best represents his color theory developed from his years as a teacher at the Bauhaus School, Black Mountain College, and the Yale School of Art. Albers painted the now-famous Homages under laboratory-like conditions, always using Masonite panels and working with each piece under varying light conditions. He applied the paint directly from the tube using a palette knife, lending a human touch to an otherwise harsh geometry. In Homage to the Square: Arrival, the artist layers different shades of yellow and white in nested square planes, manipulating the viewer's perception of depth through the psychic effect of colors.